Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration


Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration
(PCA)
   The office of the Parliamentary Commissioner was created in 1967 by the Wilson Government to investigate cases of maladministration in specified public services. The position of Health Service Commissioner was created in 1993. Today, the two posts are held by the same person, who is usually referred to as the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman. It is the official ombudsman institution responsible for investigating complaints regarding whether governmental departments, agencies and some other public bodies in the United Kingdom and the National Health Service (NHS) in England have acted properly or fairly or have provided poor service. parliamentary government A system in which government governs in and through the assembly or parliament, thereby ‘fusing’ the legislature and executive branches. The main features are that government ministers are normally drawn from and remain members of the legislature; there is a plural executive, in which the first minister shares power with a cabinet; and both first minister and cabinet are liable to be removed should they surrender the confidence of parliament.
   In Britain, members of the government are chosen from the largest party in Parliament and answerable to it, whereas in a presidential system such as the United States, the legislature and executive are elected separately.
   See also: presidential government

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

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